The Koreas at Night

Source: NASA

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의회 청문회
[12/12/2017] Protecting North Korean Refugees: Written Statement by Roberta Cohen, HRNK Co-Chair Emeritus
"PROTECTING NORTH KOREAN REFUGEES" House Foreign Affairs Committee Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations WRITTEN STATEMENT OF ROBERTA COHEN, CO-CHAIR EMERITUS, COMMITTEE FOR HUMAN RIGHTS IN NORTH KOREA (HRNK) ON “PROTECTING NORTH KOREAN REFUGEES” AT THE HEARING OF THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON AFRICA, GLOBAL HEALTH, GLOBAL HUMAN RIGHTS, AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS, DECEMBER 12, 2017  My appreciation to Congressman Christopher Smith and Ranking Member Karen Bass for holding this hearing to maintain a spotlight on North Korean refugees and their need for international protection. The world community’s preoccupation with massive movements of people fleeing war-torn countries has often overlooked the plight of smaller groups of refugees in desperate straits. The North Korean case is one such situation that should warrant international attention because of the extraordinary cruelty to which the asylum seekers and refugees are subjected. Unlike most governments, North Korea has made it a criminal offense to leave its country without permission, thereby preventing its citizens from exercising their internationally recognized right to seek asylum and become a refugee. Second, those who do try to escape face increasing obstacles -- electrified fences, enhanced border patrols, exorbitant bribes, and traffickers. Only 1,418 managed to reach South Korea in 2016. Third, if caught and returned, North Korean refugees are subject to systematic and brutal punishment, which the United Nations Commission of Inquiry (COI) has found to constitute crimes against humanity.[1]  Fourth, neighboring China collaborates with the DPRK in arresting and turning back North Koreans despite the abusive treatment they routinely suffer a
[12/12/2017] Protecting North Korean Refugees: Statement by Greg Scarlatoiu, HRNK Executive Director
"PROTECTING NORTH KOREAN REFUGEES" House Foreign Affairs Committee Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations Statement of Greg Scarlatoiu, Executive Director, Committee for Human Rights in North Korea (HRNK), on “Protecting North Korean Refugees” at the Hearing of the Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations, December 12, 2017  Good afternoon Chairman Smith, Ranking Member Bass, and members of the Subcommittee. Thank you for the invitation to testify before you today. It is a true honor and a privilege.   My name is Greg Scarlatoiu. I am the executive director of the Committee for Human Rights in North Korea (HRNK). We are a nonpartisan research organization headquartered in Washington, DC that conducts original research on North Korean human rights issues. Over the last 16 years, we have published over 30 reports available at HRNK.ORG, documenting for the world the horrifying truth about the extent of human rights abuses in North Korea. Our work has played a central role in assisting and informing the efforts of the US State Department, the UN Commission of Inquiry, and numerous other stakeholders who care passionately about the rights of people in North Korea. Most recently, the report submitted by UN Secretary-General António Guterres to the UN General Assembly on August 28th quoted one of HRNK’s publications.   On behalf of HRNK, thank you for your time and interest in the plight of North Korean refugees, an ongoing human rights issue and crisis perpetuated by both North Korea and China today. The protection of North Korean refugees relates to fundamental human rights, human dignity, and state obligations under international law.   On the current situation of North Korean refuge
[04/29/2015] 북한의 강제 노동 사업: 정부 주도 하의 인신매매 시장 - 그레그 스칼라튜 사무총장
2015년 4월 29일 톰 란토스 인권위원회가 주최한 “북한의 강제 노동 사업: 정부 주도 하의 인신매매 시장”에 대한 청문회에 제출한 북한인권위원회 사무총장 그레그 스칼라튜의 서면 증언 피츠 의장님, 안녕하십니까. 북한인권위원회를 대표해서 북한의 강제 노동 시장과 북한 정부의 인신매매 가담 실태를 의장님과 논할 수 있도록 초청해주심에 큰 감사를 드립니다. 의장님과 이러한 주제들을 논할 기회가 주어진 것을 영광스럽게 생각합니다. 북한의 “궁중 경제” 북한의 핵·미사일 개발과 군사적 도발은 국제사회의 평화와 안보를 위협하고 있으며 미국의 외교·안보 정책에도 도전을 제기하고 있습니다. 북한 주민의 반대를 억누르기 위한 가차 없는 감시와 탄압, 국제사회로부터의 고립, 그리고 기본적 인권의 유린은 한반도의 평화와 안보를 약화하고 있습니다. 북한의 외화벌이 조직인 “궁중 경제”(미국 북한인권위원회 김광진 방문 연구원이 고안한 용어)는 북한 정권이 3대에 걸쳐 권력을 유지할 수 있게 해 준 수단입니다. 수만 명의 근로자를 해외로 파견해서 노동력을 수출하는 활동은 이 “궁중 경제”의 일부이며, 김 씨 정권을 유지하는 데에 중요한 역할을 하는 외화벌이 활동의 일부입니다. 이는 북한 국민을 대상으로 한 북한 정부의 인권 유린 사례 중 비교적 확연한 사례라고 할 수 있습니다. 해외 파견 근로자의 실태와 궁중 경제의 운영 원리를 이해하는 것은 북한 정권이 어떻게 생존해왔는지에 대한 이유를 더욱 정확하게 판단할 수 있도록 할 것입니다. 이는 또한 북한 정권의 안보 위협과 인권 유린에 대응하기 위한 더욱 효과적인 제재를 준비할 수 있게 할 것이며, 그럼으로써 북한의 인권 상황을 개선해 나아갈 수 있도록 할 것입니다. 증언 전문을 보고 싶으시면 위의 "PDF 다운로드"를 클릭하시길 바랍니다.
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[12/18/2019] Digital Trenches: North Korea's Information Counter-Offensive
The Committee for Human Rights in North Korea (HRNK) cordially invites you to the rollout of its report: Digital Trenches: North Korea's Information Counter-Offensive Wednesday, December 18, 2019 9:30 – 11:00 a.m. National Press Club Holeman Lounge 529 14th St NW, Washington, DC 20045 AGENDA Introductory Remarks:  The Honorable Robert King Former U.S. Special Envoy for North Korean Human Rights Issues Board Member, HRNK Presenter: Martyn Williams Author, Digital Trenches: North Korea’s Information Counter-Offensive Discussants: Michael C. Anderson Major, USMC (ret.) Thomas Barker Partner, Co-Chair, Healthcare Practice, Foley Hoag LLP Board Member, HRNK David Maxwell Senior Fellow, Foundation for Defense of Democracies Board Member, HRNK Moderator: Greg Scarlatoiu Executive Director, HRNK   RSVP Please join HRNK for introductory remarks by HRNK Board Member and the former U.S. Special Envoy for North Korean Human Rights Issues,  The Honorable Robert King, and a presentation by the author, Martyn Williams as well as a discussion with Michael C. Anderson, Thomas Barker, and David Maxwell.  Please contact HRNK Director of Programs and Editor Rosa Park at ro
[10/18/2019] Lost Generation: The Health and Human Rights of North Korean Children, 1990–2018
The Committee for Human Rights in North Korea (HRNK) cordially invites you to:  Lost Generation: The Health and Human Rights of North Korean Children, 1990–2018 Friday, October 18, 2019 9:30 – 11:00 a.m. Cannon 122 27 Independence Ave SE Washington, DC 20003 AGENDA Speaker: W. Courtland Robinson Author, Lost Generation: The Health and Human Rights of North Korean Children, 1990–2018 Discussants: Roberta Cohen Co-Chair Emeritus, HRNK Marcus Noland Executive Vice President and Director of Studies, Peterson Institute for International Economics Board Member, HRNK Moderator: Greg Scarlatoiu Executive Director, HRNK Featuring: Members of Congress Please click here to RSVP On the 15th anniversary of the signing of the North Korean Human Rights Act into law, HRNK highlights the health and human rights status of the children of North Korea. After 61 interviews conducted in China and South Korea, HRNK's latest report, Lost Generation: The Health and Human Rights of North Korean Children, 1990–2018, applies a public health perspective that treats health as a human right that must be guaranteed to every child in North Korea without discrimination. The report also comprehensively lays out recommendations for the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, the P
[09/18/2019] North Korea's Organization and Guidance Department: The Control Tower of Human Rights Denial
North Korea is the world’s most repressive state — and the Organization and Guidance Department (OGD) is the key apparatus in Pyongyang’s administration of tyranny. The OGD may be little known in the United States, but, according to North Korean defector Jang Jin-sung, it is “the only entity that actually matters when it comes to decision-making or policy-making” in the Kim family regime. What exactly is the OGD, how does it operate, and why do North Korea watchers, American policymakers, and human rights activists need to know about it? Robert M. Collins lifts the veil on this ominous apparatus in the Committee for Human Rights in North Korea’s new report “Organization and Guidance Department: Control Tower of Human Rights Denial.” Please join AEI’s Nicholas Eberstadt for a panel discussion on the report and the latest research about the OGD. Agenda 1:45 PM Registration 2:00 PM Welcome: Nicholas Eberstadt, AEI 2:05 PM Introductory remarks: Greg Scarlatiou, Committee for Human Rights in North Korea 2:15 PM Remarks: Robert M. Collins, Committee for Human Rights in North Korea 2:35 PM Panelists: Robert M. Collins, Committee for Human Rights in North Korea Markus V. Garlauskas, US Government David Maxwell, Foundation for the Defense of Democracies Moderator: Nicholas Eberstadt, AEI 3:30 PM Adjournment
[07/30/2019] 2019 HUFS International Summer Session
Please click here to view the full agenda. 
[07/29/2019] Executive Director Greg Scarlatoiu Keynote Speaker at Hwa Jeong Peace Foundation
On Monday, July 29, Executive Director Greg Scarlatoiu was the keynote speaker at an event organized by the Hwa Jeong Peace Foundation at the Seoul Press Center. The event was titled "North Korean Human Rights and International Society Action, attended by about 80 participants. Scarlatoiu gave a Korean language presentation about HRNK's history and current activities and provided comments on the history and current state of U.S. and South Korean policy on North Korean human rights as well as current challenges at the UN. His comment that South Korea's current policy on North Korean human rights was not clear was picked up by the Donga Daily in an article dedicated exclusively to Scarlatoiu's remarks. The Donga Daily also reported on Scarlatoiu's urging the South Korean government to resume support for North Korean human rights organization, as most of them can now only rely on US support as their only remaining lifeline. The Donga Daily article is available through the following link: http://www.donga.com/news/article/all/20190729/96750031/1
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THE REPORT IS EMBARGOED UNTIL 12:01 AM WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 18, 2019.

THE REPORT IS EMBARGOED UNTIL 12:01 AM FRIDAY, OCTOBER 18, 2019THE REPORT IS EMBARGOED UNTIL 12:01 AM FRIDAY, OCTOBER 18, 2019. Lost Generation: The Health and Human Rights of North Korean Children, 1990–2018 is a nearly thirty-year study monitoring the health and human rights conditions of North Korean children. “Health” is defined by the World Health Organization as a “state of complete physical, mental, and social well being, and not merely the absence of dis

EMBARGOED UNTIL 12:01 A.M. EST WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 2019.

North Korea’s Long-term Re-education through Labor Camp (Kyo-hwa-so) No. 4 at Kangdong
Joseph S. Bermudez, Jr., Greg Scarlatoiu, Amanda Mortwedt Oh, an
Jun 20, 2019

This report is part of a comprehensive long-term project undertaken by HRNK to use satellite imagery to shed light on human suffering in North Korea by monitoring activity at prison facilities throughout the nation. This study details activity observed during the past 15 years at a prison facility identified by escapees and researchers as “Kyo-hwa-so No. 4, Kangdong” (39.008838° 126.153277°) and endeavors to establish a preliminary baseline report of the facility.