The Koreas at Night

Source: NASA

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의회 청문회
[12/12/2017] Protecting North Korean Refugees: Written Statement by Roberta Cohen, HRNK Co-Chair Emeritus
"PROTECTING NORTH KOREAN REFUGEES" House Foreign Affairs Committee Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations WRITTEN STATEMENT OF ROBERTA COHEN, CO-CHAIR EMERITUS, COMMITTEE FOR HUMAN RIGHTS IN NORTH KOREA (HRNK) ON “PROTECTING NORTH KOREAN REFUGEES” AT THE HEARING OF THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON AFRICA, GLOBAL HEALTH, GLOBAL HUMAN RIGHTS, AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS, DECEMBER 12, 2017  My appreciation to Congressman Christopher Smith and Ranking Member Karen Bass for holding this hearing to maintain a spotlight on North Korean refugees and their need for international protection. The world community’s preoccupation with massive movements of people fleeing war-torn countries has often overlooked the plight of smaller groups of refugees in desperate straits. The North Korean case is one such situation that should warrant international attention because of the extraordinary cruelty to which the asylum seekers and refugees are subjected. Unlike most governments, North Korea has made it a criminal offense to leave its country without permission, thereby preventing its citizens from exercising their internationally recognized right to seek asylum and become a refugee. Second, those who do try to escape face increasing obstacles -- electrified fences, enhanced border patrols, exorbitant bribes, and traffickers. Only 1,418 managed to reach South Korea in 2016. Third, if caught and returned, North Korean refugees are subject to systematic and brutal punishment, which the United Nations Commission of Inquiry (COI) has found to constitute crimes against humanity.[1]  Fourth, neighboring China collaborates with the DPRK in arresting and turning back North Koreans despite the abusive treatment they routinely suffer a
[12/12/2017] Protecting North Korean Refugees: Statement by Greg Scarlatoiu, HRNK Executive Director
"PROTECTING NORTH KOREAN REFUGEES" House Foreign Affairs Committee Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations Statement of Greg Scarlatoiu, Executive Director, Committee for Human Rights in North Korea (HRNK), on “Protecting North Korean Refugees” at the Hearing of the Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations, December 12, 2017  Good afternoon Chairman Smith, Ranking Member Bass, and members of the Subcommittee. Thank you for the invitation to testify before you today. It is a true honor and a privilege.   My name is Greg Scarlatoiu. I am the executive director of the Committee for Human Rights in North Korea (HRNK). We are a nonpartisan research organization headquartered in Washington, DC that conducts original research on North Korean human rights issues. Over the last 16 years, we have published over 30 reports available at HRNK.ORG, documenting for the world the horrifying truth about the extent of human rights abuses in North Korea. Our work has played a central role in assisting and informing the efforts of the US State Department, the UN Commission of Inquiry, and numerous other stakeholders who care passionately about the rights of people in North Korea. Most recently, the report submitted by UN Secretary-General António Guterres to the UN General Assembly on August 28th quoted one of HRNK’s publications.   On behalf of HRNK, thank you for your time and interest in the plight of North Korean refugees, an ongoing human rights issue and crisis perpetuated by both North Korea and China today. The protection of North Korean refugees relates to fundamental human rights, human dignity, and state obligations under international law.   On the current situation of North Korean refuge
[04/29/2015] 북한의 강제 노동 사업: 정부 주도 하의 인신매매 시장 - 그레그 스칼라튜 사무총장
2015년 4월 29일 톰 란토스 인권위원회가 주최한 “북한의 강제 노동 사업: 정부 주도 하의 인신매매 시장”에 대한 청문회에 제출한 북한인권위원회 사무총장 그레그 스칼라튜의 서면 증언 피츠 의장님, 안녕하십니까. 북한인권위원회를 대표해서 북한의 강제 노동 시장과 북한 정부의 인신매매 가담 실태를 의장님과 논할 수 있도록 초청해주심에 큰 감사를 드립니다. 의장님과 이러한 주제들을 논할 기회가 주어진 것을 영광스럽게 생각합니다. 북한의 “궁중 경제” 북한의 핵·미사일 개발과 군사적 도발은 국제사회의 평화와 안보를 위협하고 있으며 미국의 외교·안보 정책에도 도전을 제기하고 있습니다. 북한 주민의 반대를 억누르기 위한 가차 없는 감시와 탄압, 국제사회로부터의 고립, 그리고 기본적 인권의 유린은 한반도의 평화와 안보를 약화하고 있습니다. 북한의 외화벌이 조직인 “궁중 경제”(미국 북한인권위원회 김광진 방문 연구원이 고안한 용어)는 북한 정권이 3대에 걸쳐 권력을 유지할 수 있게 해 준 수단입니다. 수만 명의 근로자를 해외로 파견해서 노동력을 수출하는 활동은 이 “궁중 경제”의 일부이며, 김 씨 정권을 유지하는 데에 중요한 역할을 하는 외화벌이 활동의 일부입니다. 이는 북한 국민을 대상으로 한 북한 정부의 인권 유린 사례 중 비교적 확연한 사례라고 할 수 있습니다. 해외 파견 근로자의 실태와 궁중 경제의 운영 원리를 이해하는 것은 북한 정권이 어떻게 생존해왔는지에 대한 이유를 더욱 정확하게 판단할 수 있도록 할 것입니다. 이는 또한 북한 정권의 안보 위협과 인권 유린에 대응하기 위한 더욱 효과적인 제재를 준비할 수 있게 할 것이며, 그럼으로써 북한의 인권 상황을 개선해 나아갈 수 있도록 할 것입니다. 증언 전문을 보고 싶으시면 위의 "PDF 다운로드"를 클릭하시길 바랍니다.
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[04/01/2021] “How Silent Partners Aid Persecuted North Koreans”
The North Korean regime has been classified in the Open Doors World Watch List as the worst state perpetrator of Christian persecution for the past 20 years through 2021. Only when one contemplates the ‘rivals’ for this designation, such as Somalia, Afghanistan, China, Sudan, Yemen, and Uzbekistan, among other world-class persecutors, does the full impact of Pyongyang’s systemic suppression of its Christian population begin to register. The roots of this toxic strain of religious intolerance can be found in the personality and political philosophy of North Korea’s founding father, Kim Il-sung, the current absolute leader’s grandfather. The grandson has shown himself no less vitriolic in his distrust and hatred of followers of the Nazarene. Despite overwhelming odds that could have caused its extinction, the remnant of the North Korean church has endured through over 70 years of relentless persecution. During those decades, silent external partners of goodwill have desperately sought ways to bring hope, encouragement and practical assistance to the beleaguered faithful continually under Caesar's sword. Small pinholes of light in the regime have shed just enough illumination so that those eager to help are able to assist the persecuted. In necessarily general terms, Reverend Peters will describe some of those tactics. Please RSVP by clicking here.  The Zoom credentials will be sent to you shortly before the program.  Please email the Director of Programs and Editor at [email protected] if you have any questions or concerns.
[03/25/2021] “The Plight of North Korean Refugees from Famine to COVID-19” 
This event was held on the record. The three presenters presented an overview of the North Korean refugee crisis including: refoulement to North Korea, China’s role, the applicability of the 1951 UN Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, and the international response. The speakers addressed the U.S. North Korean Human Rights Act, the status of North Korean refugees in the United States, and challenges faced throughout their resettlement process. In addition, the panel discussed the status of former North Koreans in South Korea, including challenges faced during their resettlement and naturalization process and the current South Korean government’s stance on escapee activists and human rights groups. Finally, the panel discussed the impact of the North Korean regime’s COVID “ultra-lockdown” on those who attempt to escape.
[03/10/2021] North Korea: Atrocity Crimes and Future Accountability with The Honorable Morse Tan
Ambassador Morse Tan will address accountability for the crimes against humanity and other egregious human rights violations committed by the North Korean regime. The North Korean human rights issue was sidelined during summit diplomacy with the DPRK. However, more than seven years after the UN COI report, accountability is not forgotten. Ambassador Tan, a top authority on global criminal justice and a most prolific North Korean human rights scholar, will share his thoughts on a roadmap to seeking accountability and justice in the DPRK. The event will be open to the press and on-the-record. Please RSVP by clicking the button above or by clicking here.  The Zoom credentials will be sent to you shortly before the program.  Please email the Director of Programs and Editor at [email protected] if you have any questions or concerns.
[02/25/2021] South Africa's Apartheid & North Korea's Songbun: Parallels in Crimes Against Humanity
Please click here to RSVP.  "South Africa’s Apartheid and North Korea’s Songbun: Parallels in Crimes against Humanity" by Robert Collins underlines similarities between two systematically, deliberately, and thoroughly discriminatory repressive systems. This latest report by Robert Collins adds to his many contributions to understanding North Korea’s levers of power, the dominant role of the Korean Workers’ Party and the key elites, the chain of control and command responsible for crimes against humanity and other egregious human rights violations as well as the extent of the oppression brought onto all levels of North Korean society. Together with Collins’ North Korea’s "Organization and Guidance Department: The Control Tower of Human Rights Denial" (2019), "Denied from the Start: Human Rights at the Local Level in North Korea" (2018), "From Cradle to Grave: The Path of North Korean Innocents" (2017), "Pyongyang Republic: North Korea’s Capital of Human Rights Denial" (2016), and "Marked for Life: Songbun, North Korea’s Social Classification System" (2012), "South Africa’s Apartheid and North Korea’s Songbun" provides invaluable insight for decision makers, diplomats, scholars, and human rights defenders. The event will be open to the press and on-the-record. The Zoom credentials will be sent to you shortly before the program.  Please email Rosa Park, HRNK Director of Programs and Editor, at [email protected] if you have any questions or concerns.
[01/25/2021] The North Korean Abduction Issue: An Update
This event will be held under the Chatham House Rule RSVP Featuring: Daiji Yamaguchi Director of Policy, Headquarters for the Abductions Issue, Government of Japan Moderator: Greg Scarlatoiu Executive Director, HRNK When a meeting, or part thereof, is held under the Chatham House Rule, participants are free to use the information received, but neither the identity nor the affiliation of the speaker(s), nor that of any other participant, may be revealed. Director Daiji Yamaguchi will provide a brief overview and update on the issue of abductions of Japanese citizens and nationals of other countries by North Korea. This virtual event, conducted via Zoom, will be open to the public, including press correspondents.  The Zoom credentials will be sent to you shortly before the program.  Please email Rosa Park, HRNK Director of Programs and Editor, at [email protected] if you have any questions or concerns.
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Embargoed until 12:01 a.m. February 25, 2021.  South Africa’s Apartheid and North Korea’s Songbun: Parallels in Crimes against Humanity by Robert Collins underlines similarities between two systematically, deliberately, and thoroughly discriminatory repressive systems. This project began with expert testimony Collins submitted as part of a joint investigation and documentation project scrutinizing human rights violations committed at North Korea’s short-

North Korea's Chŭngsan No. 11 Detention Facility
Joseph S. Bermudez, Jr., Greg Scarlatoiu, Amanda Oh, & Rosa Park
Dec 21, 2020

This report is part of a comprehensive long-term project undertaken by HRNK to use satellite imagery to shed light on human suffering in the DPRK (more commonly known as North Korea) by monitoring activity at political prison and detention facilities throughout the nation. This study endeavors to both establish a preliminary baseline report and detail activities observed during 2002–2020 at a detention facility variously identified by former prisoners and researchers as the “Chŭngsan No. 11

North Korea's Long-term Prison-Labor Facility Kyo-hwa-so No. 12, Jŏngŏ-ri - Update 3
Joseph S. Bermudez, Jr., Greg Scarlatoiu, Amanda Oh, & Rosa Park
Sep 30, 2020

The Committee for Human Rights in North Korea (HRNK), a non-governmental organization based in Washington, D.C., has launched a report entitled North Korea: Imagery Analysis of Kyo-hwa-so No. 12, Jŏngŏ-ri - Update 3. The report methodology comprises satellite imagery analysis and former prisoner testimony. This kyo-hwa-so detention facility was first featured in the September 2015 report The Hidden Gulag IV: Gender Repression and Prisoner Disappearances by David Hawk. HRNK re

THE REPORT IS EMBARGOED UNTIL 12:01 AM WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 18, 2019.

THE REPORT IS EMBARGOED UNTIL 12:01 AM FRIDAY, OCTOBER 18, 2019THE REPORT IS EMBARGOED UNTIL 12:01 AM FRIDAY, OCTOBER 18, 2019. Lost Generation: The Health and Human Rights of North Korean Children, 1990–2018 is a nearly thirty-year study monitoring the health and human rights conditions of North Korean children. “Health” is defined by the World Health Organization as a “state of complete physical, mental, and social well being, and not merely the absence of dis

EMBARGOED UNTIL 12:01 A.M. EST WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 2019.