The Koreas at Night

Source: NASA

의회 청문회
[12/12/2017] Protecting North Korean Refugees: Written Statement by Roberta Cohen, HRNK Co-Chair Emeritus
"PROTECTING NORTH KOREAN REFUGEES" House Foreign Affairs Committee Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations WRITTEN STATEMENT OF ROBERTA COHEN, CO-CHAIR EMERITUS, COMMITTEE FOR HUMAN RIGHTS IN NORTH KOREA (HRNK) ON “PROTECTING NORTH KOREAN REFUGEES” AT THE HEARING OF THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON AFRICA, GLOBAL HEALTH, GLOBAL HUMAN RIGHTS, AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS, DECEMBER 12, 2017  My appreciation to Congressman Christopher Smith and Ranking Member Karen Bass for holding this hearing to maintain a spotlight on North Korean refugees and their need for international protection. The world community’s preoccupation with massive movements of people fleeing war-torn countries has often overlooked the plight of smaller groups of refugees in desperate straits. The North Korean case is one such situation that should warrant international attention because of the extraordinary cruelty to which the asylum seekers and refugees are subjected. Unlike most governments, North Korea has made it a criminal offense to leave its country without permission, thereby preventing its citizens from exercising their internationally recognized right to seek asylum and become a refugee. Second, those who do try to escape face increasing obstacles -- electrified fences, enhanced border patrols, exorbitant bribes, and traffickers. Only 1,418 managed to reach South Korea in 2016. Third, if caught and returned, North Korean refugees are subject to systematic and brutal punishment, which the United Nations Commission of Inquiry (COI) has found to constitute crimes against humanity.[1]  Fourth, neighboring China collaborates with the DPRK in arresting and turning back North Koreans despite the abusive treatment they routinely suffer a
[12/12/2017] Protecting North Korean Refugees: Statement by Greg Scarlatoiu, HRNK Executive Director
"PROTECTING NORTH KOREAN REFUGEES" House Foreign Affairs Committee Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations Statement of Greg Scarlatoiu, Executive Director, Committee for Human Rights in North Korea (HRNK), on “Protecting North Korean Refugees” at the Hearing of the Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations, December 12, 2017  Good afternoon Chairman Smith, Ranking Member Bass, and members of the Subcommittee. Thank you for the invitation to testify before you today. It is a true honor and a privilege.   My name is Greg Scarlatoiu. I am the executive director of the Committee for Human Rights in North Korea (HRNK). We are a nonpartisan research organization headquartered in Washington, DC that conducts original research on North Korean human rights issues. Over the last 16 years, we have published over 30 reports available at HRNK.ORG, documenting for the world the horrifying truth about the extent of human rights abuses in North Korea. Our work has played a central role in assisting and informing the efforts of the US State Department, the UN Commission of Inquiry, and numerous other stakeholders who care passionately about the rights of people in North Korea. Most recently, the report submitted by UN Secretary-General António Guterres to the UN General Assembly on August 28th quoted one of HRNK’s publications.   On behalf of HRNK, thank you for your time and interest in the plight of North Korean refugees, an ongoing human rights issue and crisis perpetuated by both North Korea and China today. The protection of North Korean refugees relates to fundamental human rights, human dignity, and state obligations under international law.   On the current situation of North Korean refuge
[04/29/2015] 북한의 강제 노동 사업: 정부 주도 하의 인신매매 시장 - 그레그 스칼라튜 사무총장
2015년 4월 29일 톰 란토스 인권위원회가 주최한 “북한의 강제 노동 사업: 정부 주도 하의 인신매매 시장”에 대한 청문회에 제출한 북한인권위원회 사무총장 그레그 스칼라튜의 서면 증언 피츠 의장님, 안녕하십니까. 북한인권위원회를 대표해서 북한의 강제 노동 시장과 북한 정부의 인신매매 가담 실태를 의장님과 논할 수 있도록 초청해주심에 큰 감사를 드립니다. 의장님과 이러한 주제들을 논할 기회가 주어진 것을 영광스럽게 생각합니다. 북한의 “궁중 경제” 북한의 핵·미사일 개발과 군사적 도발은 국제사회의 평화와 안보를 위협하고 있으며 미국의 외교·안보 정책에도 도전을 제기하고 있습니다. 북한 주민의 반대를 억누르기 위한 가차 없는 감시와 탄압, 국제사회로부터의 고립, 그리고 기본적 인권의 유린은 한반도의 평화와 안보를 약화하고 있습니다. 북한의 외화벌이 조직인 “궁중 경제”(미국 북한인권위원회 김광진 방문 연구원이 고안한 용어)는 북한 정권이 3대에 걸쳐 권력을 유지할 수 있게 해 준 수단입니다. 수만 명의 근로자를 해외로 파견해서 노동력을 수출하는 활동은 이 “궁중 경제”의 일부이며, 김 씨 정권을 유지하는 데에 중요한 역할을 하는 외화벌이 활동의 일부입니다. 이는 북한 국민을 대상으로 한 북한 정부의 인권 유린 사례 중 비교적 확연한 사례라고 할 수 있습니다. 해외 파견 근로자의 실태와 궁중 경제의 운영 원리를 이해하는 것은 북한 정권이 어떻게 생존해왔는지에 대한 이유를 더욱 정확하게 판단할 수 있도록 할 것입니다. 이는 또한 북한 정권의 안보 위협과 인권 유린에 대응하기 위한 더욱 효과적인 제재를 준비할 수 있게 할 것이며, 그럼으로써 북한의 인권 상황을 개선해 나아갈 수 있도록 할 것입니다. 증언 전문을 보고 싶으시면 위의 "PDF 다운로드"를 클릭하시길 바랍니다.
[06/18/2014] 하원 외교위원회 청문회: 북한 내 인권 유린과 반인도범죄 - 앤드류 나치오스의 서면 증언
북한 내 인권 유린에 관한 미 정부의 정책에 대해서 증언을 하도록 위원회로부터 요청받았지만, 저는 인권 유린 사례에 대한 자세한 설명과 북한 정권의 전체주의적 특성에 대한 설명을 서두로 발언을 시작하고자 합니다. (이곳에 기술된 의견은 순전히 제 개인적인 의견입니다. 텍사스 A&M 대학, 부시 스쿨 [텍사스 A&M 대학의 정책학 및 국제관계대학원], 그리고 북한인권위원회의 공식적인 견해가 아님을 밝힙니다.) 북한은 전 세계에 몇 개 남아 있지 않은 공산주의 국가 중 하나이며, 그중에서도 의미 있는 정치적·경제적 개혁을 거부하고 있는 유일한 국가입니다. 쿠바, 베트남, 중국, 그리고 라오스는 권위주의 국가이지만 모두 개인의 사적 영역에서는 어느 정도의 자유를 허용하고 있으며, 경제의 일부 부문을 민영화했습니다. 따라서 북한은 그 어떤 국가와도 다른 유일무이한 체제이며, 사실상 멸종한 체제 유형의 남아있는 유일한 표본입니다.
[03/26/2014] The Shocking Truth about North Korean Tyranny
HRNK Executive Director Greg Scarlatoiu testifies on Capitol Hill: "The Shocking Truth about North Korean Tyranny." 
[05/29/2018] An Investigation into the Human Rights Situation in North Korea's Political Prison Camps: Testimonies of Detainee Families
The Committee for Human Rights in North Korea (HRNK) and No Chain cordially invite you to: ​​ An Investigation into the Human Rights Situation in North Korea's Political Prison Camps: Testimonies of Detainee Families Tuesday, May 29, 2018 ​2:00 p.m. – 3:30 p.m. National Press Club Holeman Lounge 529 14th Street, NW, 13th Floor Washington, DC 20045 AGENDA Presenter: JUNG GWANG-IL Founder and President, No Chain Discussants: OLIVIA ENOS Policy Analyst, The Heritage Foundation ROSA PARK Director of Programs and Editor, HRNK Moderator:  GREG SCARLATOIU Executive Director, HRNK Interpreter:  HUIWON YUN HRNK Q&A Closing Remarks The event will be on the record.  ​Please email Rosa Park, HRNK Director of Programs, at to RSVP. 
[02/21/2018] Korea Club with Ambassador Robert Joseph
Korea Club WEDNESDAY | February 21, 2018 6:30 pm – 9:00 pm The Nexus of Human Rights and Nuclear Weapons in North Korea Guest Speaker: Ambassador Robert Joseph Senior Scholar, National Institute for Public Policy Former Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security Woo Lae Oak Korean Restaurant 8240 Leesburg Pike Vienna, VA 22182 Dear Colleague: You are invited to attend a meeting of the Korea Club on Wednesday, February 21, 2018. The event will feature Ambassador Robert Joseph, who will give a presentation entitled, "The Nexus of Human Rights and Nuclear Weapons in North Korea." Ambassador Robert Joseph is a Senior Scholar at the National Institute for Public Policy. Until March 2007, Ambassador Joseph was Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security. In this capacity, he reported directly to the Secretary of State as the principal State Department officer for non- and counterproliferation matters, arms control, arms transfers, regional security and defense relations, and security assistance. His management responsibilities included oversight of three major bureaus headed by Assistant Secretaries of State: International Security and Nonproliferation; Political and Military Affairs; and Verification, Compliance&nbs
[01/23/2018] Korea Club with Aloysius M. O'Neill
U.S. Policy Toward North and South Korea: Dealing with "One Country, Two Planets"   Guest Speaker:  Aloysius M. O'Neill Retired U.S. Foreign Service Officer Woo Lae Oak Korean Restaurant 8240 Leesburg Pike Vienna, VA 22182 Dear Colleague: You are invited to attend a meeting of the Korea Club on Tuesday, January 23, 2018.The event will feature Aloysius M. O'Neill, who will give a presentation entitled, "U.S. Policy Toward North and South Korea: Dealing with "One Country, Two Planets." Aloysius M. O’Neill worked for many years on U.S. relations with the Republic of Korea and to a lesser extent with the DPRK.  As a Foreign Service Officer, he served twice in the American Embassy in Seoul, first from 1977 to 1979 and again from 1988 to 1992.  In the latter period, he worked closely with Korean diplomatic colleagues on the ROK’s expanding relations with the DPRK’s allies under Nordpolitik.   As a political officer in Tokyo from 1982 to 1984, he analyzed Japan’s Asia policy during a period that included the Soviet shoot-down of Korean Air 007 and the Rangoon bombing – the North Korean attempt to assassinate President Chun Doo-hwan. Mr. O’Neill was serving in the American embassy in Rangoon when the North Koreans destroyed Korean Air 858 in 1987.  As the U.S. consul general in Okinawa from 1994 to 1997, Mr. O’Neill was deeply en
[12/12/2017] Korea Club with Gen. Wallace
North Korea: The Land of Lousy Options Guest Speaker:  Gen. Wallace "Chip" Gregson (USMC, Ret) Senior Advisor, Avascent Global Advisors Former Assistant Secretary of Defense for Asian and Pacific Security Affairs Woo Lae Oak Korean Restaurant 8240 Leesburg Pike Vienna, VA 22182   Dear Colleague: You are invited to attend a meeting of the Korea Club on Tuesday, December 12, 2017. The event will feature Gen. Wallace "Chip" Gregson, who will give a presentation entitled, "North Korea: The Land of Lousy Options." ​Lieutenant General Wallace “Chip” Gregson (USMC, Ret.) is the Senior Advisor at Avascent International. He most recently served as the Assistant Secretary of Defense, Asian and Pacific Security Affairs. Previously, he served as Chief Operating Officer for the United States Olympic Committee as an independent consultant before entering Government in 2009. In Japan, he was Director of Asia-Pacific Policy in the Office of the Secretary of Defense from 1998 to 2000. From 2003 to 2005, he was Commanding General of the Marine Corps Forces Pacific and Marine Corps Forces Central Command, where he led and managed over 70,000 Marines and Sailors in the Middle East, East Africa, Asia, and the United States. From 2001 to 2003, he served as Commanding General of the III Marine Expeditionary Force in Japan, where he was awarded the Japanese Order of the Rising Sun, the Gold and Silver Star; the Korean Order of National Security Merit, Gukseon Medal; and the Order of Resplendent Banner from the Republic of China. Please note: THIS EVENT IS ON-THE-RECORD PROGRAM DETAILS The reception will begin at 6:30 pm, followed by dinner at 7:00 pm, and the speaker’s presentation and Q & A session. The program will conclude at 9:00 pm. The cost of the dinner is $25.00, payable at the door by either check o
[12/12/2017] REPORT FINDINGS: Inquiry on Crimes Against Humanity in North Korean Political Prisons
The War Crimes Committee of the International Bar Association invites you to the launch of a Report on the findings of a nearly two-year Inquiry on Crimes Against Humanity in North Korean Political Prisons.  The Inquiry Report finds reasonable grounds to conclude that Kim Jong-un and members of his regime have committed ten of the eleven crimes against humanity enumerated in the Rome Statute, the treaty that created the International Criminal Court (ICC).
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From Cradle to Grave: The Path of North Korean Innocents
Robert Collins and Amanda Mortwedt Oh
Nov 13, 2017

This paper draws on existing research and Robert Collins’ previous work to explain the ideological basis and institutional structure of the Kim regime’s rule of terror, with an emphasis on the political prison camps. It is intended to provide a brief overview of how North Korea’s party-state controls every individual’s life from the cradle to the grave through relentless indoctrinat

The Parallel Gulag: North Korea's
David Hawk with Amanda Mortwedt Oh
Oct 26, 2017

In this book, David Hawk provides never-before-seen imagery of labor re-education camps, both suspected and confirmed. He reveals a parallel network of prisons controlled by the DPRK’s Ministry of People’s Security (An-jeon-bu). These revelations suggest the imposition of degrees of suffering even more pervasive than the UN COI described in 2014. Although these labor camps might be described as “ordinary prisons”, there is nothing “ordinary” in the treatment of those i

North Korea Camp No. 25 Update 2
Joseph S. Bermudez Jr., Andy Dinville, and Mike Eley
Nov 29, 2016

p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 9.0px Helvetica; color: #3f5864} span.s1 {font: 5.0px Helvetica} As part of a joint undertaking with HRNK to use satellite imagery to shed light on human suffering in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK, more commonly known as North Korea), AllSource Analysis has been monitoring activity at political prison facilities throughout North Korea. This report details activity observed during the past

North Korea: Flooding at Kyo-hwa-so No. 12, Jongo-ri
Greg Scarlatoiu and Joseph S. Bermudez Jr.
Sep 16, 2016

The Committee for Human Rights in North Korea (HRNK), a non-governmental organization based in Washington, DC and AllSource Analysis, a leading global provider of high-resolution earth imagery solutions, have conducted a satellite imagery-based rapid assessment of flood damage at Kyo-hwa-so No. 12, Jongo-ri in Hamgyŏng-bukto, North Korea. Thousands of political prisoners are held in this re-education prison labor camp together with common offenders.