“The Hidden Gulag IV: Gender Repression and Prisoner Disappearances” is an investigative and revealing report that examines discoveries regarding gender repression and prisoner double disappearances in the political prison camps of North Korea. The “Imagery Analysis of Camp 15 ‘Yodok’ Closure of the Revolutionizing Zone” features updated satellite imagery analysis of one of the political prison camps in North Korea, Camp 15. HRNK and AllSource Analysis worked closely together to discover the closure of the “Revolutionizing Zone.” David Hawk and Joseph S. Bermudez Jr. gave an in-depth overview of their findings, which was followed by a detailed conversation delving into these new developments and understandings of activities within North Korea.
David Hawk is a Visiting Scholar at the Columbia University Institute for the Study of Human Rights, and teaches at Hunter College, City University of New York. He is also a prominent human rights researcher and advocate and former Executive Director of Amnesty International USA, and a former United Nations human rights official. Hawk began directing AIUSA in 1974 and later served on the Board of Directors of AIUSA. Eventually he became a founding member of the Board of Directors of Human Rights Watch / Asia. As early as 1981 Hawk kicked off ground breaking investigations, documentation, and analysis on ongoing crises such as the Khmer Rouge genocide, the genocidal massacres in Rwanda in 1995, and most recently the grievous situation of human rights in North Korea. During the 1990s Hawk directed the Cambodia Office of the UN High Commissioner of Human Rights and in 1999 he returned to the USA to consult for the Washington DC-based Landmine Survivors Network.
Joseph S. Bermudez Jr. is an internationally recognized analyst, consultant, award winning author and lecturer on North Korean defense and intelligence affairs and ballistic missile development in the Third World. He is Chief Analytics Officer and co-founder of AllSource Analysis, Inc., and has served as senior all-source analyst for DigitalGlobe’s Analysis Center, senior analyst, editor and author for HIS Jane’s (formerly the Jane’s Information Group) and is the publisher and editor of KPA Journal. For the past two years he has served as the satellite imagery advisory to the Committee for Human Rights in North Korea (HRNK) and in that capacity has authored numerous reports for the committee.
Roberta Cohen is a Non-Resident Senior Fellow in Foreign Policy Studies of the Brookings Institution, specializing in human rights and humanitarian issues. She co-founded and co-directed the Brookings Project on Internal Displacement, served as Senior Adviser to the Representative of the UN Secretary-General on Internally Displaced Persons (1994-2010), and co-authored the first major study on the subject, Masses in Flight (Brookings, 1998). For her work ion internal displacement, she was co-winner of the Grawemeyer Award for Ideas Improving World Order. As concerns North Korea, Cohen has co-chaired the Committee for Human Rights in North Korea since 2011, has published a series of widely quoted articles and op-eds in major journals and newspapers, and has addressed major audiences. Earlier, she served on US Delegations to the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the UN General Assembly and the UN Commission on Human Rights, served as a Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Human Rights in the State Department’s first human rights bureau, and as a consultant to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the World Bank, and NGOs. She is a member of the Committee on Conscience of the Holocaust Memorial Museum, a Senior Fellow at Georgetown University’s Institute for the Study of International Migration and an Adjunct Associate Professor at American University’s Washington College of Law. She has an Honorary Doctorate in Law from the University of Bern, an MA with distinction from the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies and a B.A. in History from Barnard College.
Gwang-il Jung is a North Korean defector and former political prisoner. He spent most of his youth in the military and trade sectors while in North Korea, but was arrested in 1998 for “espionage” and sentenced to work at the Yodok Political Prison Camp in 2000. He was eventually released and soon escaped North Korea to live in South Korea, where he worked for Free the NK Gulag (FNKG) and established No Chain in 2013. Through his organization, Jung actively smuggles movies, Korean dramas, and entertainment on DVDs and USB thumb drives into North Korea. Jung has also testified in front the European Union and U.S. Congress about the human rights abuses carried out by the North Korean government. He played a key role in the UN Commission of Inquiry’s investigation into the DPRK’s human rights violations.
Greg Scarlatoiu is Executive Director of the Committee for Human Rights in North Korea (HRNK) in Washington, D.C. He was formerly Director of Public Affairs and Business Issues of the Korea Economic Institute (KEI) in Washington, D.C. He has eighteen years of Korean and English language broadcasting experience for TV and radio stations including Radio Free Asia, Korea Broadcasting System, Hyundai Broadcasting System and Arirang TV. For eleven years, he has been authoring and broadcasting the weekly Scarlatoiu Column to North Korea, for Radio Free Asia. He has over six years’ experience in international development consulting, having delivered field technical assistance under missions funded by USAID, the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank. He has conducted eleven annual surveys of compliance with International Labor Organization (ILO) core Conventions in the Republic of Korea. He holds a Master of Arts in Law and Diplomacy (MALD) from the Fletcher School, Tufts University; and an MA and BA from Seoul National University, Department of International Relations.
This report explains how the Kim regime organizes and implements its policy of human rights denial using the Propaganda and Agitation Department (PAD) to preserve and strengthen its monolithic system of control. The report also provides detailed background on the history of the PAD, as well as a human terrain map that details present and past PAD leadership.
HRNK's latest satellite imagery report analyzes a 5.2 km-long switchback road, visible in commercial satellite imagery, that runs from Testing Tunnel No. 1 at North Korea's Punggye-ri nuclear test facility to the perimeter of Kwan-li-so (political prison camp) no. 16.
This report proposes a long-term, multilateral legal strategy, using existing United Nations resolutions and conventions, and U.S. statutes that are either codified or proposed in appended model legislation, to find, freeze, forfeit, and deposit the proceeds of the North Korean government's kleptocracy into international escrow. These funds would be available for limited, case-by-case disbursements to provide food and medical care for poor North Koreans, and--contingent upon Pyongyang's progress
For thirty years, U.S. North Korea policy have sacrificed human rights for the sake of addressing nuclear weapons. Both the North Korean nuclear and missile programs have thrived. Sidelining human rights to appease the North Korean regime is not the answer, but a fundamental flaw in U.S. policy. (Published by the National Institute for Public Policy)
North Korea’s forced labor enterprise and its state sponsorship of human trafficking certainly continued until the onset of the COVID pandemic. HRNK has endeavored to determine if North Korean entities responsible for exporting workers to China and Russia continued their activities under COVID as well.
George Hutchinson's The Suryong, the Soldier, and Information in the KPA is the second of three building blocks of a multi-year HRNK project to examine North Korea's information environment. Hutchinson's thoroughly researched and sourced report addresses the circulation of information within the Korean People's Army (KPA). Understanding how KPA soldiers receive their information is needed to prepare information campaigns while taking into account all possible contingenc
This report is part of a comprehensive long-term project undertaken by HRNK to use satellite imagery and former prisoner interviews to shed light on human suffering in North Korea by monitoring activity at political prison facilities throughout the nation. This is the second HRNK satellite imagery report detailing activity observed during 2015 to 2021 at a prison facility commonly identified by former prisoners and researchers as “Kwan-li-so No. 14 Kaech’ŏn” (39.646810, 126.117058) and
This report is part of a comprehensive long-term project undertaken by HRNK to use satellite imagery and former prisoner interviews to shed light on human suffering in North Korea by monitoring activity at civil and political prison facilities throughout the nation. This study details activity observed during 1968–1977 and 2002–2021 at a prison facility commonly identified by former prisoners and researchers as "Kyo-hwa-so No. 3, T'osŏng-ni" and endeavors to e
This report is part of a comprehensive long-term project undertaken by HRNK to use satellite imagery and former detainee interviews to shed light on human suffering in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK, more commonly known as North Korea) by monitoring activity at political prison facilities throughout the nation. This report provides an abbreviated update to our previous reports on a long-term political prison commonly identified by former prisoners and researchers as Kwan-li-so
Through satellite imagery analysis and witness testimony, HRNK has identified a previously unknown potential kyo-hwa-so long-term prison-labor facility at Sŏnhwa-dong (선화동) P’ihyŏn-gun, P’yŏngan-bukto, North Korea. While this facility appears to be operational and well maintained, further imagery analysis and witness testimony collection will be necessary in order to irrefutably confirm that Sŏnhwa-dong is a kyo-hwa-so.
"North Korea’s Long-term Prison-Labor Facility Kyo-hwa-so No. 8, Sŭngho-ri (승호리) - Update" is the latest report under a long-term project employing satellite imagery analysis and former political prisoner testimony to shed light on human suffering in North Korea's prison camps.
Human Rights in the Democratic Republic of Korea: The Role of the United Nations" is HRNK's 50th report in our 20-year history. This is even more meaningful as David Hawk's "Hidden Gulag" (2003) was the first report published by HRNK. In his latest report, Hawk details efforts by many UN member states and by the UN’s committees, projects and procedures to promote and protect human rights in the DPRK. The report highlights North Korea’s shifts in its approach
South Africa’s Apartheid and North Korea’s Songbun: Parallels in Crimes against Humanity by Robert Collins underlines similarities between two systematically, deliberately, and thoroughly discriminatory repressive systems. This project began with expert testimony Collins submitted as part of a joint investigation and documentation project scrutinizing human rights violations committed at North Korea’s short-term detention facilities, conducted by the Committee for Human Rights