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HRNK Board Elects New Co-Chair & Co-Vice-Chair, Bids Farewell to Outgoing Directors
April 25, 2024


At its 55th meeting on April 24th, HRNK's Board of Directors unanimously elected The Honorable Jack David as its new Co-Chair and The Honorable Robert Joseph as its new Co-Vice-Chair.

Upon their decision to leave the Board after long years of service, HRNK's Board of Directors expressed its deep gratitude to outgoing Co-Chair Gordon Flake and Co-Vice-Chair Suzanne Scholte, and unanimously adopted resolutions honoring their remarkable contributions to the North Korean human rights cause and HRNK's mission.

Please find the biographies of Co-Chair Jack David and Co-Vice-Chair Robert Joseph enclosed, together with the resolutions honoring former Co-Chair Gordon Flake and former Co-Vice-Chair Suzanne Scholte.

Greg Scarlatoiu
Executive Director



The Honorable Jack David is a Senior Fellow and Member of the Board of Trustees at Hudson Institute, as well as a manager of his own investments. Additionally, he is an independent consultant on national security matters, especially combating weapons of mass destruction.

Mr. David has had long involvement with international human rights issues, serving several years as a delegate to a working group of the UN Human Rights Commission. For many years, he was a director of the International League for Human Rights. He was one of the founders of the Lawyers Committee for International Human Rights, on the board of directors of which he served in its initial years.

His publications include numerous articles on issues of federal or U.S. constitutional law, which he authored or edited. His articles relating to U.S. foreign and U.S. national security policy have appeared in The Wall Street JournalThe Asian Wall Street JournalThe Forward, and The New York SunNational Review Online, and other media outlets. He has written many privately distributed analyses of foreign and security affairs. He is also the editor of The Blessings of Liberty (Random House, 1989).
 



Ambassador Robert Joseph is a Senior Scholar at the National Institute for Public Policy. Until March 2007, Ambassador Joseph was Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security. In this capacity, he reported directly to the Secretary of State as the principal State Department officer for non- and counterproliferation matters, arms control, arms transfers, regional security and defense relations, and security assistance. His management responsibilities included oversight of three major bureaus headed by Assistant Secretaries of State: International Security and Nonproliferation; Political and Military Affairs; and Verification, Compliance and Implementation. 

Previously, from January 2001 through November 2004, Dr. Joseph served on the National Security Council as Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Proliferation Strategy, Counterproliferation and Homeland Defense. In this capacity, he was responsible, under the supervision of the National Security Advisor, for developing and coordinating U.S. policies and strategies for preventing, deterring and defending against threats to the United States from weapons of mass destruction. Earlier, he was Principal Deputy Secretary of Defense for International Security Policy and Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Nuclear Forces and Arms Control.

Dr. Joseph was also the founder and Director of the Center for Counterproliferation Research at the National Defense University in Washington, D.C.  His awards include the National Defense University President’s Award for Individual Achievement and the National Nuclear Security Administration Gold Medal for Distinguished Service. He also received the Department of Defense Medal for Distinguished Civilian Service (and Bronze Palm), and multiple Senior Executive Service Meritorious Achievements citations. In 2006, he was the recipient of the annual Ronald Reagan award for his contributions to U.S. missile defense.
 



A RESOLUTION HONORING GORDON FLAKE, FORMER CO-CHAIR OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS OF THE COMMITTEE FOR HUMAN RIGHTS IN NORTH KOREA (HRNK)

WHEREAS, GORDON FLAKE
 provided critical initiative and support throughout most of HRNK’s development;
 
WHEREAS, GORDON FLAKE served as Co-Chair of the Board of Directors for eight years;
 
WHEREAS, GORDON FLAKE displayed admirable leadership and dedication;
 
WHEREAS, GORDON FLAKE made extraordinary contributions to HRNK’s mission;
 
THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED by the Board of Directors of the Committee for Human Rights in North Korea on this 24th day of April 2024 that GORDON FLAKE be honored and thanked for his long service to the organization.
 



A RESOLUTION HONORING SUZANNE SCHOLTE, FOUNDING MEMBER AND FORMER CO-VICE-CHAIR OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS OF THE COMMITTEE FOR HUMAN RIGHTS IN NORTH KOREA (HRNK)

WHEREAS, SUZANNE SCHOLTE provided critical initiative, vision, and support during HRNK’s development as a founding member and Co-Vice-Chair of the Board of Directors for twenty-three years;

WHEREAS, SUZANNE SCHOLTE led the vanguard of the North Korean human rights movement with faith, passion, compassion, and resilience;
 
WHEREAS, SUZANNE SCHOLTE pioneered the introduction and advancement of North Korean human rights before the U.S. Congress and the American people;
 
WHEREAS, SUZANNE SCHOLTE was the first to give North Korean escapees a voice before the U.S. Congress;
 
WHEREAS, SUZANNE SCHOLTE made critical contributions to the adoption of the North Korean Human Rights Act of 2004 and subsequent reauthorizations;
 
WHEREAS, SUZANNE SCHOLTE has saved North Korean lives and given hope to many in the North Korean escapee community;
 
WHEREAS, SUZANNE SCHOLTE has kept the flame of North Korean human rights and freedom burning, against all odds;
 
WHEREAS, SUZANNE SCHOLTE is a freedom fighter who imparts mentorship, leadership, and inspiration to human rights defenders in the United States, South Korea, Japan, and beyond;
 
THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED by the Board of Directors of the Committee for Human Rights in North Korea on this 24th day of April 2024 that SUZANNE SCHOLTE be honored and thanked for her long service to the organization and for her lifelong commitment to bringing freedom, human rights, prosperity, and democracy to all Koreans.

To understand the challenges faced by the personnel who are involved in North Korea’s nuclear program, it is crucial to understand the recruitment, education, and training processes through the lens of human rights. This report offers a starting point toward that understanding. North Korea’s scientists and engineers are forced to work on the nuclear weapons program regardless of their own interests, preferences, or aspirations. These individuals may be described as “moder

In this submission, HRNK focuses its attention on the following issues in the DPRK: The status of the system of detention facilities, where a multitude of human rights violations are ongoing. The post-COVID human security and human rights status of North Korean women, with particular attention to sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV). The issue of Japanese abductees and South Korean prisoners of war (POWs), abductees, and unjust detainees.

North Korea's Political Prison Camp, Kwan-li-so No. 25, Update
Joseph S. Bermudez Jr., Greg Scarlatoiu, Raymond Ha
Feb 17, 2024

This report provides an abbreviated update to our previous reports on a long-term political prison commonly identified by former prisoners and researchers as Kwan-li-so No. 25 by providing details of activity observed during 2021–2023. This report was originally published on Tearline at https://www.tearline.mil/public_page/prison-camp-25.

This report explains how the Kim regime organizes and implements its policy of human rights denial using the Propaganda and Agitation Department (PAD) to preserve and strengthen its monolithic system of control. The report also provides detailed background on the history of the PAD, as well as a human terrain map that details present and past PAD leadership.

HRNK's latest satellite imagery report analyzes a 5.2 km-long switchback road, visible in commercial satellite imagery, that runs from Testing Tunnel No. 1 at North Korea's Punggye-ri nuclear test facility to the perimeter of Kwan-li-so (political prison camp) no. 16.

This report proposes a long-term, multilateral legal strategy, using existing United Nations resolutions and conventions, and U.S. statutes that are either codified or proposed in appended model legislation, to find, freeze, forfeit, and deposit the proceeds of the North Korean government's kleptocracy into international escrow. These funds would be available for limited, case-by-case disbursements to provide food and medical care for poor North Koreans, and--contingent upon Pyongyang's progress

National Strategy for Countering North Korea
Joseph, Collins, DeTrani, Eberstadt, Enos, Maxwell, Scarlatoiu
Jan 23, 2023

For thirty years, U.S. North Korea policy have sacrificed human rights for the sake of addressing nuclear weapons. Both the North Korean nuclear and missile programs have thrived. Sidelining human rights to appease the North Korean regime is not the answer, but a fundamental flaw in U.S. policy. (Published by the National Institute for Public Policy)

North Korea’s forced labor enterprise and its state sponsorship of human trafficking certainly continued until the onset of the COVID pandemic. HRNK has endeavored to determine if North Korean entities responsible for exporting workers to China and Russia continued their activities under COVID as well.

George Hutchinson's The Suryong, the Soldier, and Information in the KPA is the second of three building blocks of a multi-year HRNK project to examine North Korea's information environment. Hutchinson's thoroughly researched and sourced report addresses the circulation of information within the Korean People's Army (KPA). Understanding how KPA soldiers receive their information is needed to prepare information campaigns while taking into account all possible contingenc

North Korea’s Political Prison Camp, Kwan-li-so No. 14, Update 1
Joseph S. Bermudez, Jr., Greg Scarlatoiu, and Amanda Mortwedt Oh
Dec 22, 2021

This report is part of a comprehensive long-term project undertaken by HRNK to use satellite imagery and former prisoner interviews to shed light on human suffering in North Korea by monitoring activity at political prison facilities throughout the nation. This is the second HRNK satellite imagery report detailing activity observed during 2015 to 2021 at a prison facility commonly identified by former prisoners and researchers as “Kwan-li-so No. 14 Kaech’ŏn” (39.646810, 126.117058) and

North Korea's Long-term Prison-Labor Facility, Kyo-hwa-so No.3, T’osŏng-ni (토성리)
Joseph S Bermudez Jr, Greg Scarlatoiu, Amanda Oh, & Rosa Tokola
Nov 03, 2021

This report is part of a comprehensive long-term project undertaken by HRNK to use satellite imagery and former prisoner interviews to shed light on human suffering in North Korea by monitoring activity at civil and political prison facilities throughout the nation. This study details activity observed during 1968–1977 and 2002–2021 at a prison facility commonly identified by former prisoners and researchers as "Kyo-hwa-so No. 3, T'osŏng-ni" and endeavors to e

North Korea’s Political Prison Camp, Kwan-li-so No. 25, Update 3
Joseph S Bermudez Jr, Greg Scarlatoiu, Amanda Oh, & Rosa Tokola
Sep 30, 2021

This report is part of a comprehensive long-term project undertaken by HRNK to use satellite imagery and former detainee interviews to shed light on human suffering in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK, more commonly known as North Korea) by monitoring activity at political prison facilities throughout the nation. This report provides an abbreviated update to our previous reports on a long-term political prison commonly identified by former prisoners and researchers as Kwan-li-so

North Korea’s Potential Long-Term  Prison-Labor Facility at Sŏnhwa-dong (선화동)
Joseph S. Bermudez, Jr., Greg Scarlatoiu, Amanda Oh, & Rosa Park
Aug 26, 2021

Through satellite imagery analysis and witness testimony, HRNK has identified a previously unknown potential kyo-hwa-so long-term prison-labor facility at Sŏnhwa-dong (선화동) P’ihyŏn-gun, P’yŏngan-bukto, North Korea. While this facility appears to be operational and well maintained, further imagery analysis and witness testimony collection will be necessary in order to irrefutably confirm that Sŏnhwa-dong is a kyo-hwa-so.

North Korea’s Long-term Prison-Labor Facility Kyo-hwa-so No. 8, Sŭngho-ri (승호리) - Update
Joseph S Bermudez, Jr, Greg Scarlatoiu, Amanda M Oh, & Rosa Park
Jul 22, 2021

"North Korea’s Long-term Prison-Labor Facility Kyo-hwa-so No. 8, Sŭngho-ri (승호리) - Update" is the latest report under a long-term project employing satellite imagery analysis and former political prisoner testimony to shed light on human suffering in North Korea's prison camps.

Human Rights in the Democratic Republic of Korea: The Role of the United Nations" is HRNK's 50th report in our 20-year history. This is even more meaningful as David Hawk's "Hidden Gulag" (2003) was the first report published by HRNK. In his latest report, Hawk details efforts by many UN member states and by the UN’s committees, projects and procedures to promote and protect human rights in the DPRK.  The report highlights North Korea’s shifts in its approach

South Africa’s Apartheid and North Korea’s Songbun: Parallels in Crimes against Humanity by Robert Collins underlines similarities between two systematically, deliberately, and thoroughly discriminatory repressive systems. This project began with expert testimony Collins submitted as part of a joint investigation and documentation project scrutinizing human rights violations committed at North Korea’s short-term detention facilities, conducted by the Committee for Human Rights