WASHINGTON, October 5, 2017— Following the recent enactment of UN Security Council Resolutions 2371 and 2375, in response to North Korea’s continued nuclear threat and human rights abuses, HRNK wishes to announce the launch of a new Wikipedia page available in Chinese. The page covers the UN Commission of Inquiry (UN COI) report on human rights abuses in North Korea, which is also available in English and Korean. This is part of a larger series of contributions by HRNK to Wikipedia on human rights in North Korea and was completed with the intent to be a comprehensive, neutral, relevant, and thoroughly referenced account of the circumstances that led to the creation of the UN COI in 2014, a summary of the UN COI report, and the reactions to it.
More than a year ago, HRNK announced the release of its Wikipedia Page in English on the UN COI report, which concluded that “[s]ystematic, widespread and gross human rights violations have been, and are being, committed by the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, its institutions and officials. In many instances, the violations of human rights…constitute crimes against humanity.” Please click here for the original press release.
The UN COI report acknowledges that North Korea is a state with no parallel in the contemporary world due to the gravity, scale, and nature of its human rights abuses. The UN COI found that crimes against humanity are committed pursuant to “policies established at the highest level of the state.” The article quotes Michael Kirby, the chair of the UN COI: “Unlike earlier totalitarian states and oppressive conduct, the world cannot now lament, ‘if only we had known…’ Now, the world does know. And the question is whether the world will respond effectively and take the necessary action.”
根据联合国人权委员会的报道，世上没有任何一个国家对于人权的侵犯在其力度、规模与性质上可与北韩相提并论。委员会发现，北韩的犯下的反人类罪的依据是其“国家最高政策”。文章引用了迈克尔·科比，联合国人权委员会主席的话: 不同于先前的独裁政府及镇压行为，全世界可以用“如果事先知道就好了”来哀悼 。。。现在的世界已经了解了北韩的人权现状 ，问题在于当今世界是否要对其提供相应的措施。
For that reason, HRNK seeks to maximize the visibility of that crucial report by enabling its accessibility in Chinese. The Chinese people deserve to have access to information through channels like Wikipedia. Furthermore, the Chinese community of interest shares a crucial role in discouraging the Chinese government from repatriating North Korean escapees in China. Specifically, the UN COI report states that China should:
“Respect the principle of non-refoulement. Accordingly, abstain from forcibly repatriating any persons to the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, unless the treatment there, as verified by international human rights monitors, markedly improves. Extend asylum and other means of durable protection to persons fleeing the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea who need international protection. Ensure that such persons are fully integrated and duly protected from discrimination.”
Escapees face unimaginable persecution ranging from imprisonment to execution upon being forcibly returned to North Korea. Since China is perhaps the only country in the world with enough leverage on the Kim regime to force its compliance vis-a-vis hard power, and accounts for over 80% of North Korea’s foreign trade, the help and support of the Chinese people is now more imperative than ever. In the words of Winston Lord, HRNK Board Member and Former US Ambassador to China:
"For decades China has been condemning to prison, torture, and death North Koreans entering its territory in flight from the hideous abuses of the Pyongyang regime. This cruel practice of repatriating refugees was once again declared illegal in the comprehensive United Nations Report on North Korean human rights atrocities. The Chinese translation of information on this and other abuses will help inform Chinese speakers around the world about this continuing nightmare."
Concurrently, UN Secretary-General António Guterres has directly quoted a 2016 HRNK publication on flooding at Kyo-hwa-so No. 12. These efforts go hand in hand in increasing the flow of information on the human rights situation in North Korea.
Finally, HRNK invites all interested parties to submit additions, revisions, and corrections to increase the accuracy of this article. Only with your assistance and a collective endeavor may we inform and highlight the human rights atrocities in the world’s most repressive regime.
Please follow this link for access for full Wiki article in Chinese: https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E5%8C%97%E9%9F%A9%E4%BA%BA%E6%9D%83%E7%8A%B6%E5%86%B5%E8%B0%83%E6%9F%A5%E5%A7%94%E5%91%98%E4%BC%9A%E6%8A%A5%E5%91%8A
Contact: Greg Scarlatoiu, [email protected]; 202-499-7973
Credits: Yumi Kim, Ssora Yoon, Amy Lau, Albert Buixadé Farré
Board of Directors
(Affiliations other than HRNK are for identification only)
Gordon Flake (Co-Chair)
Chief Executive Officer, Perth USAsia Centre, The University of Western Australia
Co-author, Paved with Good Intentions: The NGO Experience in North Korea
Katrina Lantos Swett (Co-Chair)
President and CEO, Lantos Foundation for Human Rights and Justice
John Despres (Co-Vice-Chair)
Consultant on International Financial & Strategic Affairs
Suzanne Scholte (Co-Vice-Chair)
President, Defense Forum Foundation
Seoul Peace Prize Laureate
Helen-Louise Hunter (Secretary)
Author of Kim Il-Song’s North Korea
Kevin C. McCann (Treasurer)
Formerly of Counsel, Paul Hastings LLP
Roberta Cohen (Co-Chair Emeritus)
Specialist in Humanitarian and Human Rights Issues
Andrew Natsios (Co-Chair Emeritus)
Former Administrator, U.S. Agency for International Development
Director, Scowcroft Institute of International Affairs
Executive Professor, The Bush School of Government & Public Service,
Texas A&M University
Author of The Great North Korean Famine
Senior Fellow, The Century Foundation
Co-Director, US-Asia Law Institute, NYU Law School
Adjunct Senior Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations
Advisor, Impact Investments
Rabbi Abraham Cooper
Associate Dean, Simon Wiesenthal Center, Los Angeles
Senior Fellow, Hudson Institute
Henry Wendt Chair in Political Economy, American Enterprise Institute
Author of books on North Korea including North Korea in Transition: Politics, Economy, and Society
President, National Endowment for Democracy
President, Kahng Foundation
Coordinator, The Asia Foundation
Former U.S. Special Envoy for North Korean Human Rights Issues
U.S. Institute of Peace
Former Executive Director, HRNK
Former Assistant Secretary for East Asia, Department of State
Former Ambassador to China
Former Director of Policy Planning Staff, Department of State
Former President, Council on Foreign Relations
Former Chairman, National Endowment for Democracy
Associate Director of the Center for Security Studies and the Security Studies Program,
Colonel, U.S. Army (Ret.)
Executive Vice President and Director of Studies, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Author of books on North Korea including Avoiding the Apocalypse: the Future of the Two Koreas
Professor, George Washington University
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