Greg Scarlatoiu is Executive Director of the Committee for Human Rights in North Korea (HRNK) in Washington, D.C., tasked with researching and reporting as well as conducting educational and outreach programs. An experienced lecturer on North Korean human rights, political security and economic issues on the Korean peninsula, Scarlatoiu has appeared as an expert witness at three Congressional hearings on North Korean human rights. Scarlatoiu was formerly Director of Public Affairs and Business Issues of the Korea Economic Institute (KEI) in Washington, D.C. He has eighteen years of Korean and English language broadcasting experience for TV and radio stations including Radio Free Asia, Korea Broadcasting System, Hyundai Broadcasting System and Arirang TV. For eleven years, he has been authoring and broadcasting the weekly Scarlatoiu Column to North Korea, for Radio Free Asia. Intimately familiar with Korea and Northeast Asia, Scarlatoiu has over six years’ experience in international development consulting, having delivered field technical assistance under missions funded by USAID, the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank. He has conducted eleven annual surveys of compliance with International Labor Organization (ILO) core Conventions in the Republic of Korea. He holds a Master of Arts in Law and Diplomacy (MALD) from the Fletcher School, Tufts University ; and an MA and BA from Seoul National University, Department of International Relations. He is fluent in Korean, French and Romanian.
Sabina E. Silkworth is the Accounting Consultant at HRNK. Mrs. Silkworth has been with the Committee since its inception in October 2001. She has over 25 years of experience in the accounting and non-profit field. A Washington, D.C. native, Mrs. Silkworth graduated Magna Cum Laude from the Catholic University of America with a B.A. in Financial Management and Summa Cum Laude from George Washington University with a Master of Accountancy. She is married, has four kids, and resides in Maryland.
Rosa Park has an M.A. in International Politics from American University's School of International Service, an M.A. in Korean Studies from Korea University, and a B.A. in International Relations from American University’s School of International Service with a minor in Graphic Design. At the Committee for Human Rights in North Korea, she has completed editorial and graphic design work on The Hidden Gulag Second Edition, Marked for Life: Songbun, North Korea’s Social Classification System, Coercion, Control, Surveillance, and Punishment: An Examination of the North Korean Police State, North Korea’s Hidden Gulag: Interpreting Reports of Changes in the Prison Camps, and Illicit: North Korea’s Evolving Operations to Earn Hard Currency. Continuing work on future publications, she is also involved in conference planning and execution. She has worked on outreach both inside and outside of Washington D.C., co-hosting with organizations, such as the Brookings Institution, the Korea Economic Institute, the Illinois Holocaust Memorial and Museum, the Jacob Blaustein Institute, and many more.
Amanda Mortwedt Oh is a licensed attorney whose research focuses on North Korea and human rights law. Since joining HRNK, she authored a report that was submitted to the UN Commission of Inquiry (COI) on Human Rights in North Korea on behalf of HRNK and assisted HRNK’s co-chair, Dr. Roberta Cohen, with her expert testimony on the “gender dimension” of North Korean women in detention. Amanda is the author of a book chapter for World Without Genocide and published a law journal article about human rights law and accountability in Cambodia. She holds a Master of Laws in International Law degree from The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University, where she studied “North Korean State and Society” and wrote a thesis on North Korea and transitional justice. Special Rapporteur Eduardo Valencia-Ospina recognized her in his Sixth Report On The Protection Of Persons In The Event Of Disasters, A/CN.4/662, for her research on regional disaster relief plans. Additionally, Amanda has ten years of strategic communications experience in the U.S. Army, where she has worked with the ROK military in South Korea and was seconded to the U.S. embassies in Cambodia, Thailand, and Afghanistan.
Raymond Ha graduated with a B.A. in Politics from Princeton University. He first became engaged in North Korean human rights issues while interning at the Citizens' Alliance for North Korean Human Rights and further pursued his interest by serving as president of Princeton's NKHR student group. He decided to join HRNK not only to learn more about the complex politics surrounding North Korea, but also to become directly involved in the effort to improve the human rights situation there at a time when the issues continue to gain significant momentum amongst the international community. During his time at HRNK, he also hopes to gain insight into democracy, development, and human rights.
As part of a joint undertaking with the Committee for Human Rights in North Korea (HRNK) to use satellite imagery to shed light on human suffering in North Korea AllSource Analysis (ASA) has been monitoring activity at political prison facilities in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK, more commonly known as North Korea). This report covers activity observed during the past 12 months at the facility commonly known as Kwan-li-so&nbs
In Illicit: North Korea’s Evolving Operations to Earn Hard Currency, Sheena Chestnut Greitens provides a detailed and thoroughly researched account of the role of illicit activities in the North Korean economy. A central conclusion of Chestnut Greitens’ analysis is that in the context of eroding state control over the licit aspects of the economy, illicit activities are also being “privatized” by North Korea’s elite. As HRNK Co-chair and for
David Hawk interprets reports of changes in North Korea's political prison camps in his most recent report, North Korea's Hidden Gulag: Interpreting Reports of Changes in the Prison Camps. Please view the press release here.
The newest version of Coercion, Control, Surveillance, and Punishment: An Examination of the North Korea Police State by Ken Gause, updated on May 24, 2013.
For this report, DigitalGlobe Analytics examined eleven images collected from 2003 to 2013 of the North Korean political prison facility known as Camp 25 (a.k.a. Kwan-liso No. 25, Political Prison Facility No. 25, No. 25 Chongjin Political Concentration Camp, Susŏng Correctional Center) in Susŏng-dong, Ch’ŏngjin-si, Hamgyŏng-bukto, on the northeast coast of the nation. In this analysis, imagery was compared to identify changes in the organization of the camp, including variations in:
As a follow-up to the October 2012 joint HRNK- DigitalGlobe imagery analysis of North Korea’s Camp 22 (Kwan-li-so No. 22, Korean People’s Security Guard Unit 2209), DigitalGlobe’s Analysis Center was asked to assist in identifying reported activity in and around Camp 22 in Hamgyŏng-bukto. More specifically, the Analysis Center was to examine: The outer perimeter fence, guard towers and guard positions to determine if some, or all, have been razed. The
During late September 2012, the North Korean activist community began reporting that the notorious political penal labor facility Camp 22 had been closed in early 2012. On October 1, 2012, in response to these reports and in partnership with the Committee for Human Rights in North Korea, DigitalGlobe’s Analysis Center initiated an imagery analysis of Camp 22.
The North Korean government assigns a “songbun” status to every citizen at birth based on the perceived political loyalty of his or her family going back generations. While a small, politically loyal class in North Korea is entitled to extensive privileges, the vast majority of citizens are relegated to a permanent lower status and then discriminated against for reasons they cannot control or change.
Based on extensive interviews with over 60 defectors and more than 40 satellite photos of North Korean political prisoner camps, the report calls for the dismantlement of the vast North Korean gulag system in which 150,000 to 200,000 are incarcerated.
TAKEN! provides an in-depth and comprehensive history and analysis of North Korea’s state-sponsored policy of abducting citizens of other countries. This criminal enterprise dates back to the earliest days of the regime, and to policy decisions made by Kim II-sung himself. Those abducted came from widely diverse backgrounds, numerous nationalities, both genders, and all ages, and were taken from placs as far away as London, Copenhagen, Zagreb, Beirut, Hong Kong, and China, in addition to Japan.
This report calls the world’s attention to the suffering of North Korean women who have become the victims of trafficking and forced marriages after escaping their country to seek a new life in China. Seventy-seven interviews with North Korean women living in China yield 52 personal accounts--life stories of women who leave their home country for survival and safety only to be purchased by Chinese men who abuse and exploit them in China. In spite of finding places to live, North Korean women ent
North Korea today is in a state of power transition that could lead to new dangers, instability, and uncertainty. This was not the case during the first succession. Kim Jong-Il had been carefully groomed by his father to succeed him. The process had gone on for twenty years and was directed by Kim Il-Sung himself. In North Korea, all political power derives from Kim Il-Sung’s reign. At the present, North Korea refers to itself as “Kim Il-Sung’s nati
This report is part of HRNK’s “Occasional Papers,” expressing a viewpoint not necessarily representative of the Committee or its Board of Directors. Rather, this paper is written from the viewpoint of a courageous man who has seen the North Korean system from within and has participated in the workings of that system. The author knows how outcomes are produced in North Korea and which individuals are critical to the political process. Kim Kwang-jin provides an overview of the North K
This report is a sequel to the previous report, “Failure to Protect: A Call for the UN Security Council to Act in North Korea” (2006), which called for the UN Security Council to take action. The report identifies concerns with respect to human rights in North Korea. While North Korea has opened up to some international aid, their food policy and inequitable social classification system (“Songbun”) prevents large segments of the population from ever receiving food provided by i
For over sixty years, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea has engaged in the systematic, flagrant violation of nearly every human right recognized and protected by international law. This handbook describes the options available to human rights non-governmental organizations (NGOs) seeking to pursue international legal action against North Korea. The international legal system offers a variety of avenues for action, which NGOs can pursue. This report explores such legal avenues, linking NG
Czech Republic President Havel, Norwegian Prime Minister Bondevik, and Nobel Peace Prize Laurate and Boston University Professor Elie Wiesel commissioned the global law firm DLA Piper LLP to work with the U.S. Committee for Human Rights in North Korea, because they believed that the security threat posed by North Korea has relegated the human rights concerns in the country to a second-class status. With the unanimous adoption by the UN Security Council of the doctrine that each state has a “resp
Concentration on the strategic problem in the national security context is clearly warranted, yet there is another, growing dimension to the North Korean problem that poses a grave challenge: the plight of ordinary North Koreans who are denied even the most basic human rights, and those who risk their lives to escape the world’s worst nightmare, the tyranny of the Kim Jong-il regime. In this report, six experts – Stephen Haggard, Marcus Noland, Yoonok Chang, Joshua Kurlantzick, Jana Mason,